Boteler and Butler of Ireland
Hervey Walter [a] b abt 1140, of Norfolk and Suffolk, England. He md Maud de Valoignes [b] abt 1158, daughter of Theobald de Valoignes. She was b abt 1145.
Child of Hervey Walter and Maud de Valoignes was:

Theobald Walter [c] b abt 1162, of Ireland, d bef 14 Feb 1205/06, Ireland. He md Maud le Vavasour abt 1194, daughter of Robert le Vavasour. She was b abt 1178.
Child of Theobald Walter and Maud le Vavasour was:

Theobald le Boteler [d] b 1200, Arklow, Wicklow, Ireland, d 19 Jul 1240, Poitou, Aquitaine, France. He md:
[1] Joan de Marsh/Marisco [e] abt 1218, daughter of Sir Geoffrey de Marsh/Marisco, Justiciar of Ireland. She was b abt 1205, d bef 1224.
Child of Theobald le Boteler and Joan de Marsh was:

    Theobald le Boteler [f] b abt 1221, Norfolk, England, d 26 Dec 1285, Arklow, Wicklow, Ireland. He md Margery/Margaret de Burgh abt 1240, Ireland, daughter of Sir Richard de Burgh, Lord of Connacht, Lord Lieut. of Ireland, "the Great", and Egidia de Lacy.
    Child of Theobald le Boteler and Margery/Margaret de Burgh was:

    Theobald le Boteler [g] b 1242, Arklow, Wicklow, Ireland, d 26 Sep 1285, Arklow Castle, Wicklow, Ireland. He md Joan Fitz John abt 1267-1268, Shere, Surrey, England, daughter of Sir John Fitz Geoffrey, Justiciar of Ireland, Knight, and Isabel Bigod.
    Children of Theobald le Boteler and Joan Fitz John were:
    • Theobald le Boteler b abt 1270, d 14 May 1299.
    • Sir Thomas le Boteler b abt 1274, d 1329; md Synolda le Petit.
    • Sir Edmund Butler, Earl of Carrick, b abt 1276.
    Sir Edmund Butler [h], Justiciar and Governor of Ireland, Knight, b abt 1276, Kilkenny Castle, Kildare, Ireland, d 13 Sep 1321, London, England. He md Joan Fitz Gerald abt 1302, daughter of Sir John Fitz Thomas Fitz Gerald, Earl of Kildare, Lord of Offaly, and Blanche de la Roche.
    Children of Edmund le Boteler and Joan Fitz Gerald were:
    • Sir James Butler, Earl of Ormonde, b abt 1305.
    • Thomas le Boteler, Seneschal of Tipperary, b abt 1307.
    • Lawrence le Boteler b abt 1310, d 1338.
    Sir James Butler [i], Earl of Ormonde, b abt 1305, Arklow, Wicklow, Ireland, d 17 Feb 1337/38, Gowran, Ireland. He md Eleanor de Bohun 17 Oct 1326, Knaresborough, Yorkshire, England, daughter of Sir Humphrey VIII de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, Constable of England, and Elizabeth Plantagenet.
    Children of James Butler and Eleanor de Bohun were:
    • John Butler b 6 Nov 1330, d young.
    • James Butler, Earl of Ormonde, b 4 Oct 1331, Kilkenny, Kildare, Ireland, d 18 Oct 1382, Knocktopher, Ireland; md Anne Darcy 1346.
    • Petronella Butler b abt 1334.
    • Elizabeth Butler b abt 1337, d Jul 1365; md Philip Stanhope, Earl of Chesterfield, 1360.
    Petronella Butler b abt 1334, Ormonde, Kerry, Ireland, d 23 Apr 1368. She md Sir Gilbert Talbot bef 8 Sep 1352, son of Sir Richard Talbot and Elizabeth Comyn.

[2] Rohese de Verdun [j] 4 Sep 1225, Staffordshire, England, daughter of Nicholas de Verdun and Clemence le Boteler.
Children of Theobald le Boteler and Rohese de Verdun were:

  • Sir John de Verdun, Lord of Westmeath, b abt 1226.
  • Maud le Boteler b abt 1228, of Lincolnshire, England, d 27 Nov 1283. She md Sir John Fitz Alan, Earl of Arundel, abt 1245, son of John Fitz Alan and Isabel d'Aubigny.
  • Sir John de Verdun [k], Lord of Westmeath, b abt 1226, Alton, Staffordshire, England, d 21 Oct 1274, Alton, Staffordshire, England. He md:

    [1] Margaret de Lacy bef 14 May 1244, Herefordshire, England, daughter of Gilbert de Lacy and Isabel Bigod. He md [2] Eleanor.
    Child of John de Verdun and Margaret de Lacy was:

      Sir Theobald de Verdun [l], Lord Verdun, Constable of Ireland, b abt 1248, d 24 Aug 1309, Alton, Staffordshire, England. He md Margery de Bohun [m] abt 1272, daughter of Sir Humphrey VI de Bohun and Eleanor de Braose.
      Child of Theobald de Verdun and Margery de Bohun was:

      Sir Theobald de Verdun [n], Lord Verdun, Justiciar of Ireland, Knight, b 8 Sep 1278, d 27 Jul 1316, Alton, Staffordshire, England. He md [1] Maud de Mortimer 29 Jul 1302, Wigmore, Herefordshire, England, daughter of Sir Edmund de Mortimer and Margaret de Fiennes, and [2] Elizabeth de Clare 4 Feb 1314/15.
      Children of Theobald de Verdun and Maud de Mortimer were:

      • Joan de Verdun b Aug 1303, Wootton in Stanton Lacy, Shropshire, England, d 2 Oct 1334, Alton, Staffordshire, England; md [1] John de Montagu 28 Apr 1317, and [2] Thomas de Furnival 24 Feb 1317/18.
      • Elizabeth de Verdun b abt 1306, prob Alton, Staffordshire, England, d 1 May 1360. She md Sir Bartholomew de Burghersh, Lord Burghersh, bef 11 Jun 1320, son of Sir Robert de Burghersh, Lord Burghersh, and Maud de Badlesmere.
      • Margery de Verdun b 10 Aug 1310, Alton, Staffordshire, England, d abt 1376/77. She md [1] William le Blount bef 30 Feb 1326/27, [2] Sir Marcus Hussey bef 18 Oct 1339, and [3] Sir John Crophull bef 10 Sep 1355, son of Ralph de Crophull and Maud.
    [2] Eleanor de Bohun abt 1257, daughter of Sir Humphrey V de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, and Maud de Avenbury.
    Child of John de Verdun and Eleanor de Bohun was:
      Maud de Verdun b abt 1270, of Alton, Staffordshire, England. She md Sir John de Grey, Lord Grey, abt 1285, son of Sir Reynold de Grey, Lord Grey, and Maud de Longchamp.

There is no connection of this Boteler/Butler family with either the Boteler of Wem, Shropshire family or the Boteler of Bewsey, Lancashire family. All three families derived their surname from the earliest progenitor who held the office of Butler, or Boteler in French, to a noble. There are likely other families by this surname, who also are not related.

a. He was of West Dereham, Norfolk and owner of large estates there and in Suffolk.

b. As sister to Berthe, the wife of Ranulph de Glanville, the "great Justiciar", her marriage to Hervey Walter no doubt provided great advancement opportunities to the Boteler/Butler family.

c. Theobald Walter accompanied John, Count of Mortain (afterward King John), in 1185 into Ireland, who conferred upon him vast estates there, including the fief of Arklow, and in or before May 1192, the important office of Butler. This position in itself probably comprised baronial rank and position (if not higher), for he and his successors. Upon returning to England, he obtained from Richard I, in 1194, a grant of the Wapentake of Amounderness with the Lordship of Preston in Lancashire. He served as Sheriff of Lancashire 1194-1199, and was founder of the Abbey of Cockersand (Lancashire). He also founded the Abbey of Nenagh in Tipperary in 1200, the Abbey of Wotheny in Limerick (1205), and the monastery of Arklow in Wicklow. By his marriage to Maud le Vavasour he acquired the manors of Edlington and Newborough (among others) in Yorkshire. After his death, his widow married, in 1207, Fulk Fitz Warin

d. His father's only son, Theobald was the first to be styled "Le Botiller". He is stated to have been six years of age in 1206. In 1229, as "Theobaldus Pincerna", he was summonded by the King to accompany him into Brittany. He died in Poitou, and was buried in the Abbey of Arklow, which had been founded by his father.

e. Her name is often seen as Marisco, which is the Latin spelling of Marsh. Her father, Geoffrey, was Justiciar of Ireland.

f. Of full age 11 Jun 1244, he adhered to Henry III in the baronial wars. He was buried at Arklow.

g. Aged 6 years in 1248, his wardship and marriage were granted, for 3,000 marks, to John Fitz Geoffrey, Justiciar of Ireland, 21 Jan 1250/51. In or before 1268, he married Joan, fourth and youngest daughter the said John Fitz Geoffrey. He was with Edward I in the war with Scotland. He died, aged about 43 years, at Arklow Castle.

h. Did homage at Carlaverock for his brother's lands 30 Aug 1300 (Theobald was his elder brother, who died s.p. at age 30). He had livery of his mother's lands 13 Jan 1303/04, being then of age. He was knighted in London, by Edward II, in 1309. From 1312-1313, and again 1314/15 to 1317, he was styled Justiciar, Chief Governor of Ireland. It is said that at a feast in Dublin he created no less than 30 Knights. He died in London, shortly after returning from a pilgrimage to St. Jago of Campostella in Spain, and was buried at Gowran, Kilkenny, Ireland.

i. Although still under age, the King took his homage 2 Dec 1326. He appears to have lived and fought mainly in Ireland, though he held widely distributed properties in England. He was created Earl of Ormond in the Parliament which sat at Salisbury from 16 to 31 Oct 1328. In 1335 and 1336, he was summoned to Scotland on the King's service. He died while in his early thirties, and was buried at Gowran. The inq. p.m. of Eleanor, his widow, names her daughters, Pernel, wife of Gilbert Talbot, and Eleanor, Lady Fitz Walter.

j. Daughter and heir of Nicholas de Verdun, her inheritance included Alton in Staffordshire, Brandon Castle in Warwickshire, Belton in Leicester, and Farnham Royal in Buckinghamshire. She founded the Priory of Grace Dieu in Belton, 1235-41, where she was buried.

k. First son by his father's second marriage, and heir to his mother, Rohese de Verdun, he took her surname. He was granted protection in May of 1248 to go to Ireland, which he visited many time throughout his life. He was appointed one of the justices in eyre for Salop, Stafford, Warwick, Leicester, and Lincoln in Dec 1259. In May of 1253, he had protection to go to Gascony, and for service in Wales Aug 1257, where he was Constable of the army which mustered at Chester. He was ordered to defend the Marches against the Welsh in Jan 1259/60, and was summoned to London to aid the King in April 1260, and in Windsor in Oct 1263. During the conflict between Simon de Montfort and the Crown, he adhered to the King. In August of 1265, he was Keeper of Oldham Castle, and in February of 1265/66, he was appointed to protect Worcestershire from the attacks of rebels in Kenilworth Castle. The following August he accompanied Lord Edward on his Crusade, and witnessed a charter granted by him in Sicily 15 Jan 1270/71. Complete Peerage states, that by his second wife, Eleanor, he had a son, Humphrey, and although her parentage is not known, she may have been a Bohun; a seal said to be hers, bears the Bohun and Verdun arms, and the name of her son may be significant. Recent investigative research by Mr. Douglas Richardson into the supposed two wives of Sir John de Grey, has, indeed lead him to this conclusion, and that Theobald, by his second wife, Eleanor de Bohun, also had a daughter, Maud, who was the sole wife of Sir John de Grey. For a more complete account of his rationale and findings, see notes under Sir John de Grey.

l. Third son of his father's first wife, he succeeded as his father's heir after the deaths of his two elder brothers, Nicholas and John, who were both killed in Ireland in 1284. He had livery of his father's and mother's lands 7 Nov and 7 Dec 1274, and was constantly in Ireland for the next 25 years. Her served in Wales 1277, 1282, and 1283. He was one of those magnates who, having large Irish interests, granted to the King in Parliament, 19 May 1275, the export duties on wool and hides in their ports in Ireland, as well as one of those assembled in full Parliament on 29 May 1290, who granted an aid for the marriage of the King's daughter. He was summoned to Parliament from 24 Jun 1295 to 11 Jun 1309, whereby he is held to have become Lord Verdun. Also summoned for service against the Scots 1291-1309, as well as overseas in 1297. He was in attendance to the King at Norham in June 1291, when he settled claims to the Scottish Crown. As he was involved in the quarrel between the Earls of Gloucester and Hereford, he was accused of transgressions, sentenced in 1291, and imprisoned, but later released on payment of 500 marks.

m. Long known simply as Margery, the wife of Theobald de Verdun, Mr. Douglas Richardson has recently uncovered her identity as Margery de Bohun, a previously unnoticed daughter of Humphrey de Bohun. Complete Peerage states in regard to Margery that "by right of his wife he (Theobald de Verdun) held 1/4 of the hundred of Bisley, co. Gloucester." By tracing this land holding, evidently part of Margery's maritagium, Mr. Richardson was able to uncover her identity, and posted this information on the gen-medieval newsgroup. For further information and in-depth details of this finding, go to gen-medieval archives.

n. At the death of his brother, John, he was ordered by the King, in 1297, to serve overseas in his place. He was subsequently knighted by the King at Northumberland 14 Jul 1298, and fought at the battle of Falkirk, 22 July following. He was summoned to Parliament from 29 Dec 1299 to 16 Oct 1315, and was Justiciar of Ireland, 30 Apr 1313 to Jan 1314/15. His first wife, Maud, daughter of Sir Edmund de Mortimer, died shortly after childbirth. He married his second wife, Elizabeth de Clare, widow of John de Burgh, "against the King's will and without his license", and died shortly thereafter, aged 37 years, leaving four daughters, three by his first wife, and a fourth daughter, born posthumously, by his second wife.

CP: Vol II[447-450], Vol X[116-119], Vol XII/2[246-252]; AR: Line 11[30-31], Line 70[30-33].
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