Fitz Alan, Earls of Arundel
Alan Fitz Flaald [a], Seneschal of Dol, Sheriff of Shropshire, b abt 1080, of Oswestry, Shropshire, England, d abt 1114. He md Aveline de Hesdin abt 1103, daughter of Arnulf I de Hesdin and Emmelina. She was b abt 1088.
Children of Alan Fitz Flaald and Aveline de Hesdin were:
Sir William Fitz Alan [b], Lord of Oswestry, b abt 1110, of Oswestry, Shropshire, England, d 1160, prob Shropshire, England. He md  Christiana, and  Isabel de Say abt 1155, daughter of Elias de Say, Lord of Clun. She was b abt 1142, d abt 1199.
Child of William Fitz Alan and Isabel de Say was:
Child of John Fitz Alan and Isabel d'Aubigny was:
Sir John Fitz Alan [e], Earl of Arundel, b May 1223, Shropshire, England, d bef 10 Nov 1267, Shropshire. He md Maud le Boteler abt 1245, daughter of Theobald le Boteler and Rohese de Verdun.
Sir John Fitz Alan [f], Earl of Arundel, Lord of Oswestry, b 14 Sep 1246, Oswestry, Shropshire, England, d 18 Mar 1271/72. He md Isabella de Mortimer 1260, daughter of Roger de Mortimer and Maud de Braose.
Children of Richard Fitz Alan and Alisona di Saluzzo were:
Sir Edmund Fitz Alan [h], Earl of Arundel, Knight, b 1 May 1285, Marlborough Castle, Wiltshire, England, d 17 Nov 1326, Herefordshire, England (beheaded). He md Alice de Warenne 1308, daughter of Sir William de Warenne, Earl of Surrey, Knight, and Joan de Vere.
Sir Richard Fitz Alan [j], Earl of Arundel, b abt 1313, Arundel, Sussex, England, d 24 Jan 1375/76, Ditton, Buckinghamshire, England. He md:
Children of Edmund Fitzalan and Sibyl de Montagu were:
Children of Richard Fitz Alan and Eleanor de Lancaster were:
Sir Walter Fitz Alan, High Steward of Scotland, b abt 1112, d 1177. He md Eschina de Molle abt 1140, daughter of Thomas de Molle. She was b abt 1125.
Children of Walter Fitz Alan and Eschina de Molle were:
Child of Alan Fitz Walter and Eva was:
Sir Walter Fitz Alan le Stewart, High Steward of Scotland, b abt 1184, d 1246. He md Beatrix of Angus abt 1202, daughter of Gilchrist of Angus, Earl of Angus, and Marjory of Scotland.
Alexander le Stewart, High Steward of Scotland, b 1214, d 1286. He md Jean Macrory abt 1238, daughter of James/Seumas Macrory, Lord of Bute. She was b abt 1222.
An interesting footnote to the Fitz Alans of Arundel is that they seemingly styled themselves "de Arundel" rather than Fitz Alan; this according to Douglas Richardson in several posts to SGM.
a. A Breton, he obtained, during the reign of Henry I, the castle of Oswaldestre (Oswestry), with an extensive fief in Shropshire. Sources vary as to the spelling of Fitz Flaald, some, including CP, showing Fitz Fleald. In addition to son, William, he had sons Jordan and Walter, the latter progenitor of the Stuarts of Scotland.
b. While Complete Peerage identifies this William as the one who may have married Helen Peverel, and his son William to have married Isabel de Say, new information suggests that this William, son of Alan Fitz Flaald was the latter individual. He regained Oswestry in 1155, which had, in his father's lifetime, been taken by the Welsh. He was twice married, first to Christiana, stated to be a kinswoman of Robert, Earl of Gloucester, and secondly, Isabel de Say, daughter of Elias de Say, Lord of Clun, he brother and successor to Henry de Say. After his death, his widow, Isabel, married secondly, Geoffrey de Vere, and thirdly, William Boterel.
c. Son and heir by his father's second wife, he was in the King's custody during his minority. He left two sons, William, who died s.p., and John.
d. He succeeded his brother William, Lord of Clun and Oswestry, who died s.p. 1216. Isabel was sister, and coheir in her issue, of Hugh d'Aubigny, Earl of Arundel, which honour passed her to her son, Sir John Fitz Alan, first of the Fitz Alan Earls of Arundel.
e. Succeeded his father in 1240, and by writ dated 27 Nov 1243, was awarded, in right of his deceased mother, the Castle and Honour of Arundel, whereby he is regarded as de jure Earl of Arundel (although he never appears to have been known, either during his lifetime or afterwards, by this title). He took part in the Welsh war 1258, and although sometimes allied with the Barons against the Crown, he was fighting on the Royal side when taken prisoner at the battle of Lewes, 1264, along with the King. His widow married Richard d'Amundeville and predeceased him.
f. Only son and heir, he did homage for his estates 10 Dec 1267. He also appears never to have been known by the title of Earl, although he held the Castle and Honour of Arundel. His widow, Isabel, daughter of Hugh de Mortimer, married, before 1273, Ralph d'Arderne, and thirdly married Robert de Hastang, for which marriage, without Royal license, she was fined 1,000 pounds. She was still living in 1300.
g. Only son and heir, he was aged five years at his father's death. He was knighted and created Earl of Arundel, possibly in 1289, when "just of age", but was definitely holding the earldom on 12 Feb 1290/91, whe he is called such in a grant of that date. He was summoned by a writ in Oct 1292, as Earl of Arundel, as well as to Parliament as Earl of Arundel, dated 24 Jun 1295. He fought in the Welsh wars in 1288, in Gascony 1295-97, and in the Scottish wars, 1298-1300, being present at the siege of Carlaverock in the latter year. His marriage took place before 1285 (at which date he was aged 18). He survived his wife and died in his 36th year.
h. Born in the Castle of Marlborough, his wardship was obtained by John, the Earl of Surrey and Sussex, whose granddaughter he married. He was knighted, with the King's son Edward, and others, 22 May 1306. He was summoned, as Earl of Arundel, to Parliament on 9 Nov 1306, and took part in the Scottish wars of that year. He officiated as Pincerna at the coronation of Edward II, and in 1316 he was Captain General north of the Trent. He was long at odds with King Edward, being a strong opponenent of Gaveston, who had defeated him in a tournament, however, in 1321, he changed sides and married his son to a daughter of Hugh le Despenser, the said Hugh having been one of the few nobles who adhered to the King. He served as Chief Justice of North and South Wales in 1323, and Warden of the Welsh Marches in 1325. Having been captured in Shropshire by the Queen's party, he was, without trial, beheaded at Hereford, 17 Nov 1326, aged 42 years. His widow, sole heir of her brother, John, Earl of Surrey and Sussex, of the great family of Warenne, was living in 1330, but was dead before 23 May 1338. The Castle and Honour of Arundel was forfeited upon Edmund's death and given to Edmund, son of Edward I.
i. Tradition has shown her as daughter of Richard Fitz Alan (d 1375/76), but it is now believed she was his sister. This is a recent discovery by Chris Phillips, a regular poster to SGM. This finding is detailed in his online database. A check of the chronology also supports this change.
j. Known as "Copped Hat", he was fully restored in blood and honours in 1330-31, and in Dec of 1331 he obtained restitution of the Castle and Honour of Arundel, as well as the earldom of Arundel. In 1334, he was appointed Justiciar of North Wales for life, Governor of Carnarvon Castle in 1339, and Sheriff of Shropshire for life, beginning in 1345. He was distinguished in the wars with France, was Admiral of the West 1340-41, and in 1345-47, commanded the 2nd division at the battle of Crecy, as well as being present at the fall Calais in 1347. Upon the death of John de Warrenne (his mother's brother), he succeeded to the vast estates of the family of Warenne, and upon the death of the said John de Warenne's wife, Joan, he assumed, in 1361, the title of Earl of Surrey. On 4 Dec 1344, he obtained a Papal mandate for annulment of his first marriage, on the grounds of his minority at marriage, and of never having willingly consented to said marriage, and on 5 Feb 1344/45, he married Eleanor, widow of John de Beaumont, and daughter of Henry, Earl of Lancaster, with whom he had previously cohabited.
k. He was the bearer of the Crown at the coronation of Richard II, and was made Admiral of the West and South in 1377, and subsequently in 1386, of all England. He distinguished himself in the French wars, having gained a brilliant naval victory over the allied French, Spanish, and Flemish fleets, and was made Governor of Brest in 1388, being one of the five Lords Appellant in Parliament that same year. With the Duke of Gloucester, he took an active role against the King, who, in 1388, was entirely in the Duke's power. While he obtained a pardon in 1394 for all political offences, he was seized 12 Jul 1397, tried at Westmorland, and beheaded on 21 Sep 1397. He had no issue by his second wife, Philippa, widow of John de Hastings, and daughter of Edmund de Mortimer.
l. Member of Parliament 1377-1379.
CP: Vol III, Vol V[391-392]; AR: Line 8 [31-32], Line 20[30-32], Line 21[30-32], Line 28[30-34], Line 60[31-33], Line 78[32-33], Line 149[27-29]; MCS: Line 134[2-8]; GL: English Origins of New England Families, Series 2, Volume 3, The Origin of the Stuarts and FitzAlans, pp 429-434, by George Washington, from an article originally appearing in NEHGR, republished by Genealogical Publishing Company; SGM: Chris Phillips.
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