de Brus, of Durham and Yorkshire, England
Robert de Brus [a] b abt 1055, of Cave, Yorkshire, England. The identity of his wife is not known.
Child of Robert de Brus was:
Adam I de Brus [c], Lord of Cleveland, b abt 1105, of Skelton, Yorkshire, England, d 1143, Skelton, Yorkshire, England. He md Agnes of Aumale abt 1128, daughter of Stephen of Aumale, Count of Aumale, Earl of Holderness, and Hawise de Mortimer.
Child of Adam I de Brus and Agnes of Aumale was:
Adam II de Brus, Lord of Skelton, b 1134, prob Skelton, Yorkshire, England, d 1196, Skelton, Yorkshire, England. He md Juetta de Arches abt 1170, daughter of William de Arches [d]. She was b abt 1138, of Thorpe Arch, Yorkshire, England, d 1206, of Skelton, Yorkshire, England.
Children of Peter I de Brus and Joan Le Grammaire were:
Sir Peter II de Brus, Lord of Skelton, b abt 1196, d bef 1247. He md Hawise/Helwise de Lancaster abt 1220, daughter of Gilbert Fitz Roger Fitz Reinfrid and Hawise/Helwise de Lancaster.
Robert de Brus, Lord of Annandale, b abt 1108, d 1141. He md Agnes abt 1126. She was b abt 1110.
Children of Robert de Brus and Agnes were:
Children of Robert de Brus and Euphemia of Aumale were:
Children of William de Brus and Christian/Christina le Stewart were:
a. Recent findings indicate that the traditional decent of this family, as depicted in Scots Peerage is somewhat incorrect. The earliest identified member, Robert de Brus, appears in only one early charter in Yorkshire in which Robert de Brus was granted a part of North Cave, dated shortly after 1086. The Brus family originated in Normandy, probably in Brix, and the name is recorded as Bruiss, Brussee, etc. Despite some arguments that the Braose and Brus families share a common origin, there is absolutely no evidence to support this fabrication.
b. He was granted Skelton in Yorkshire, by King Henry I in 1106, and had a charter from King of Scots, David I, for Annandale ca. 1124. In 1138, shortly before the Battle of the Standard, he renounced his allegiance to Scotland and resigned his lands to his younger son, Robert.
c. Questions have arisen as to Agnes of Aumale as wife of Adam II de Brus. According to Douglas Richardson, the chronology simply does not work. Subsequently, Keats-Rohan's Domesday Descendants has reported that it was Adam I de Brus who married Agnes of Aumale (as her first husband), and their son, Adam II married Juetta de Arches-a reversal of the marriages which have long been attributed to the elder Adam and his son. A study of the dates seems to support this in every known aspect. For a full discussion of the dates and evidence in support of this, see the posts of Rosie Bevan and Richard Borthwick on soc.genealogy.medieval.
d. William de Arches was the son of one Osbern de Arches, a Domesday tenant-in-chief for Licolnshire and Yorkshire, who died bef 1118.
e. She has been identified as a niece of William, Count of Aumale, according to Keats-Rohan, who states she was "perhaps" a daughter of William's brother, Ingelran, they being sons of Stephen, Count of Aumale. While Hawise de Mortimer was the mother of William, John Ravilious believes Ingelram may have been an illegitimate son of Stephen, citing the later dispute over the Aumale estate in 1274..."if Ingelran de Aumale was ancestor of the Bruce family of Annandale AND was a legitimate son of William, Count of Aumale, by Hawise de Mortimer, presumably a claim would have been entered by Robert de Brus, Lord of Annandale (competitor for the Scots crown and grandfather of Robert the Bruce, King of Scots)."
f. Christian/Christina was recently identified by noted Scots genealogist Andrew B.W. MacEwen to be the daughter of Walter Fitz Alan, High Steward of Scotland.
g. Founded the Scottish branch of the de Brus family, being great-grandfather of King Robert I the Bruce (1274-1329).
h. While reported in Scots Peerage and adopted also in The Complete Peerage to have been Euphemia, daughter of Walter Fitz Alan, High Steward of Scotland, many genealogists had questioned the chronology. Noted Scots genealogist Andrew B.W. MacEwen recently uncovered definitive evidence that she was the daughter of William de Brus. See soc.genealogy.medieval for numerous postings regarding this discovery.
CP Vol V, Vol XI[120-121], Vol XII/1[262-263] Vol XII/1[738-739]; AR: Line 88[28-29], Line 136[25-27], Line 161; SGM: Rosie Bevan, Richard Borthwick [ref: Keats-Rohan's Domesday Descendants], Jared Olar [ref: Scots Peerage], John Ravilious.
Return to TOP of this page
Return to INDEX FOR BRUS
Return to MAIN INDEX
Return to HOME