Neville of Raby, Durham, England
Gilbert de Neville [a] b abt 1052, of Lincolnshire, England, aft 1115-1118. The identity of his wife is not known.
Child of Gilbert de Neville was:
Gilbert de Neville [c] b abt 1115, of Lincolnshire, England, d bef 1169. The identity of his wife is not known.
Child of Gilbert de Neville was:
Geoffrey de Neville [d], Lord of Ashby, b abt 1145, of Ashby, Lincolnshire, England, d bef 29 Sep 1193. He md Emma de Bulmer bef 1174, prob Durham, England, daughter of Bertram de Bulmer and Emma Fossard. She was b abt 1154, of Brancepeth, Durham, England, d abt 1208.
Isabel de Neville [e] b abt 1176, of Raby Castle, Durham, England, d May 1254. She md Robert Fitz Maldred, Lord of Raby and Brancepeth, abt 1190, Brancepeth, Durham, England, son of Maldred Fitz Dolfin, Lord of Raby, and Joan de Stuteville.
Sir Geoffrey de Neville [f], Sheriff of Northumberland, b abt 1195, of of Raby Castle, Durham, England, d bef 29 Sep 1242. He md Joan abt 1216. She was b abt 1202, d aft 1247.
Child of Robert de Neville and Mary Fitz Randolf was:
Randolf/Ranulph de Neville b 18 Oct 1262, of Raby, Durham, and Middleham, Yorkshire, England, d aft 18 Apr 1331. He md  Euphemia de Clavering abt 1284, daughter of Sir Robert Fitz Roger, Lord Fitz Roger, and Margery la Zouche. He md  Margery de Thwenge.
Children of Ralph de Neville and Alice de Audley were:
Child of John de Neville and Maud de Percy was:
Sir Ralph de Neville, Earl of Westmorland, Knight of the Garter, b abt 1362, of Raby, Durham, England, d 21 Oct 1425, Raby Castle, Durham, England. He md:
Ralph de Neville b abt 1385, of Raby, Durham, England, d 26 Feb 1457/58. He md Mary Ferrers bef 1411, daughter of Sir Robert de Ferrers, Knight, and Joan Beaufort.
Child of John Neville and Elizabeth Newmarch was:
Child of Ralph de Neville and Joan Beaufort was:
Eleanor Neville b abt 1400, d 1463. She md Sir Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland, abt 1412, son of Sir Henry de Percy, "Hotspur", Earl of Westmorland, Knight of the Garter, and Elizabeth de Mortimer.
Sir Geoffrey de Neville [g] b abt 1230, of Hornby Castle, Lancashire, England, d abt 26 Mar 1285. He md Margaret de Lungvilliers abt 1265, daughter of John de Lungvilliers. She was b abt 1242, Farnley, Leeds, Yorkshire, England, d abt Feb 1318/19.
Child of Geoffrey de Neville and Margaret de Lungvilliers was:
Robert de Neville [h] b abt 1270, of Hornby Castle, Lancashire, England, d aft 1313. He md Isabel de Byron abt 1292, daughter of Robert de Byron. She was b abt 1278, of Melling Manor, England.
Sir Robert de Neville [i], Knight, b 1300, of Hornby Castle, Lancashire, England, d aft Jul 1373. He md Joan de Atherton abt 1320, daughter of Henry de Atherton and Emma de Aintree. She was b abt 1304, of Hindley, Lancashire, England, d aft 1348.
Sir Robert de Neville [j], Sheriff of Yorkshire, b abt 1321, of Hornby Castle, Lancashire, England, d 4 Apr 1413. He md Margaret de la Pole abt 1344, daughter of Sir William de la Pole, Knight, Baron of the Exchequer, Mayor of Hull, and Katherine de Norwich.
Alan de Neville b abt 1122, d 1178. The identity of his wife is not known.
Child of Alan de Neville was: Hugh de Neville, Sheriff of Essex, Hertfordshire, and Lincolnshire, b abt 1182, of Lincolnshire, England, d bef 21 Jul 1234. He md Joan de Cornhill bef 30 Apr 1200, daughter of Henry de Cornhill and Alice de Curcy.
Children of Hugh de Neville and Joan de Cornhill were: John de Neville b abt 1208, d sh bef 8 Jun 1246. He md Hawise de Courtenay abt 1230, daughter of Sir Robert de Courtenay, Knight, and Mary de Vernon/Reviers.
Child of John de Neville and Hawise de Courtenay was:
a. In 1086, he held a carucate of land in Lincolnshire, at Walcot near Folkingham, and another at Yawthorpe. He is presumably the same Gilbert who in 1115-18 held of Peterborough in co. Lincoln 2 carucates, and of the Bishop of Lincoln held land in Scothern, Reepham, etc.
b. In or before 1146, he was lord of the fee in which the church of Scothern lay, and held also Walcot.
c. Witnessed the foundation charter of Revesby Abbey in 1142, a charter of Ranulph, Earl of Chester ca 1142-53, and a notification by Robert, Earl of Leicester ca 1160-63. He held 5 knights' fees of the Bishop of Lincoln, and 4 of the honour of Manasser Arsic in 1166. Between 1150 and 1160, he granted to Kirkstead Abbey land in Great Sturton, co. Lincoln, with the goodwill of his son and heir apparent, Geoffrey, and between 1156 and 116, was founder, with his brother Alan, of Tupholme abbey. He was dead in 1169.
d. From the spring of 1162, held a portion of the Crown soke of Horncastle. He gave land in Burreth and Toynton and the church of St. German of Ranby to Tupholme. In Sep 1184, he was on circuit as a Justice of Yorkshire. He married Emma, widow of Geoffrey de Valoignes, and daughter of Bertram de Bulmer. She survived him.
e. She became heir upon the death of her brother, Henry, who died s.p. in 1227. After Robert Fitz Maldred's death, she married Gilbert de Brakenberg 26 May 1248.
f. He assumed the name of his mother, and as Geoffrey Fitz Robert he gave land at Burreth to Tupholme Abbey, and as Geoffrey Fitz Robert Fitz Maldred he witnessed his father's charter regarding a prebends of York. His widow, Joan, was still iiving in Nov 1247.
g. His parentage is uncertain; The Complete Peerage states that he was either the Geoffrey de Neville, younger brother of Robert de Neville of Raby (d 1282), or a Geoffrey de Neville of whom nothing is known until the time of his marriage. He acquired feudal importance by his marriage to Margaret, daughter of John de Lungvilliers, who brought her FitzSwain and Malherbe inheritance to her marriage. On 25 Oct 1270 he was appointed chief of the justices in eyre of the Forest, co. Notts, York, Cumberland, and Northumberland, and continued to act as Chief Justice of the Forest beyond Trent until his death. He was summoned in 1277, 1282, and 1283 for military service against the Welsh. His wife survived him and had writ for livery of Hornby Castle 3 Apr 1285. She was summoned to perform military service in person, in Gascony in 1294, and again against the Scots in Jun 1300.
h. He was probably the Robert de Neville who was with the King in Scotland in 1296, and/or the noble knight Robert de Neville, whose exploit against a band of marauding Scots, upon whom he dashed on coming out of Mass, Lent 1303. He was summoned for service in Scotland 1312, and in 1314, attended the Great Council. It should be noted that Complete Peerage does not divulge the name of his wife.
i. Son of Robert, younger son of Geoffrey, he was aged 23 and (probably considerably) more in Dec 1335. He was summoned in Feb 1341/42 to a Council at Westminster, and in 1344 was made a commissioner of the peace in Lancashire, and again in 1346, as well as keeper of the peace at West Riding, co. Yorks, in 1350. A knight by the autumn of 1344, he fought at Crecy 26 Aug 1346, and also in the siege of Calais. It is stated that from around 1350 and onwards, he appeared to be in financial trouble, in May 1362, being both in Newgate and the Fleet prison for debt. After the death of first wife, Joan de Atherton, he married Elizabeth, perhaps a sister of Sir John de Kirkeby. They were both still living in Jul 1373.
j. Son and heir by his father's first wife, he is probably the same Robert de Neville who, in 1358, called "the Prince's bachelor", received an annuity of 100 marks for life in consideration of notable service in Gascony and at the battle of Poitiers. In Sep 1357, he was joint commissioner of the Prince, and surveyor of his great horses Feb 1360/61. He was a member of Parliament for Yorkshire in 1377, Sheriff of Yorkshire 1378-79, and in 1382, 1383, and 1385, comissioner in that county to restore and establish peace. He married Margaret, sister of Sir Michael de la Pole, Earl of Suffolk. Besides his heir, John, who died v.p. bef 1387, he left two daughters, Margaret and Joan, who were his eventual heirs, after the death of their niece Margaret, daughter of John.
CP: Vol IV Vol IX[487-495]; AR: Line 247[25-27]; GL: English Origins of New England Families, Series 1, Volume 3, The Origin of Nevill of Raby, by G. Andrews Moriarty, pp 145-150, from an article appearing in NEHGR, republished by Genealogical Publishing Co.; Tim Powys-Lybbe.
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