Tyrell of East Horndon, Essex
Sir James Tyrell [a] b abt 1264, of Essex, England, d 1343/44. He md Alice abt 1286. She was b abt 1268.
Child of James Tyrell and Alice was:
Thomas Tyrell [b] b abt 1289, of East Horndon, Essex, England, d 1354/55. He md Alice
Child of Thomas Tyrell and Alice de Adleigh was:
Walter Tyrell [d], Esquire, b abt 1350, of Heron Hall, Essex, England, d aft 12 Mar 1406. He md Eleanor Flambard abt 1372, daughter of Robert Flambard and Elizabeth Fitz Ralph. She was b abt 1358, North Avon, Hampshire, England, d 1422.
Child of Edward Tyrell and Anne Pashley was:
It is generally believed that the branch of the Tyrell (Tyrrel) family which appears in East Horndon, Essex in the early fourteenth century descends from Walter Tyrrel, Lord of Poix, a Frenchman, and reputed to have slain William Rufus. Walter, a Domesday tenant, held the Essex manor of Langham of the de Clares, and Langham passed to his son Hugh, who, shortly before he departed England in the Second Crusade, sold it to Gervase de Cornhill. As far as is known, this ended the connection of these early Tyrrels with Essex. Before the early fourteenth century, Tyrrels were found in Hampshire, Cornwall, Shropshire, Devon, and Bedfordshire, and it is thought that this later Essex line of Tyrrels most likely came from Hampshire. But exactly how the Tyrells who appear in Essex in the fourteenth century are related to Walter, the Domesday tenant of Essex, remains obscure.
a. Sir James Tyrell is first seen in an Essex fines record of 1304/05, which also names his wife Alice. Morant's Essex, as well as various Visitation pedigrees for Essex, show that Sir James married Margaret Heron, heiress of Heron Hall, and this seems to have been generally accepted, but, while Moriarty states that it is possible he married twice, he also states that he found no evidence to support this. Current researchers place Alice as Sir James' first wife, Margaret Heron as the second, and chronologically this would still indicate Alice as the mother of Thomas.
b. Apparently his father's heir, he is referred to as Thomas "the elder" in a Close Roll of 1342. He married Alice, daughter of Thomas Blaund.
c. His first appearance in records is in 1335, when, as Thomas "the younger", with his wife Alice, he was dealing in land in Great Burston and Ramesden Craye, both properties which descended in later generations of the family. He was knighted by 1355 and served as knight of the shire for Essex on seven occasions. He was also Steward General of King Edward III's daughters in 1363, and in 1364/65 he was buying the fees of Thomas Peverel in Hampshire, including North Avon and Milton, both of which descended in the family. This connection has lead to speculation that the Essex Tyrells may have descended from the Tyrells in Hampshire. Sir Thomas died shortly before 10 Jun 1383, when he is mentioned in the Close Rolls as "lately deceased". His widow, Alice d'Adleigh was still living in Aug 1395, when she is mentioned as "Dame Alice Tyrrel" in the Close Roll, but was deceased by Aug 1398, when her name disappeared from the Close Roll.
d. He was probably the Walter Tyrrel who, in Feb 1367, was granted the ferry over the Tweed at Berwick for his good services to the King and his daughters. He is named Steward General to the King's daughter, Isabel, in 1363, and in 1370, he and his wife Eleanor received from Sir Thomas Tyrrel the Hampshire manor of North Avon. He last occurs in the Fine Roll of 12 Mar 1406, but died sometime thereafter, for on 12 May 1422, his widow Eleanor, who had married Sir Nicholas Haulte, was deceased. Walter and Eleanor had issue, Sir John, eldest son and heir; Edward; William of Gipping in Suffolk; and another William, of Beeches in Essex; Richard; Thomas; and William. There is some disagreement as to Eleanor's parentage, some saying she was daughter of John Flambard and Elizabeth, while others claim her to be daughter of Robert Flambard and Elizabeth.
e. A younger son of Walter and Eleanor, he was knight of the shire for Essex in 1427, 1432, 1435, and Commissioner of the Peace in Essex in 1434, 1435, 1437, and 1439. In 1426 he was Escheator of Essex and in 1436 Sheriff of Essex and Hertfordshire. He married Anne, the widow of John Bassingborne, and daughter of Sir Robert Pashley, by whom he had three children, Edward, who died young and s.p.; Margaret, who married Robert Mounteney; and Philippa, who married Thomas Cornwallis of Brome. He also had an illegitimate son, John.
AR: Line 113A[10-11]; GL: English Origins of New England Families, 1500s-1800s, Series 1, Volume 3, The Early Tyrrels of Heron in East Horndon, by G. Andrews Moriarty, pp. 204-219, from an article originally published in NEHGR, republished by Genealogical Publishing Co.; SGM: John Stuart, various sources.
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