Cornwallis of Brome, Suffolk, England
William Cornwallis [a] b abt 1310, of Stepney, London, Middlesex, England, d aft 26 Sep 1354. He md Alice abt 1332. She was b abt 1316, d aft 26 Sep 1354.
Child of William Cornwallis and Alice was:
Thomas Cornwallis [b] b abt 1336, of London, Middlesex, England, d 4 Jan 1385, London, Middlesex, England. He md Jane Hansard abt 1360, daughter of William Hansard. She was b abt 1345, of London, Middlesex, England.
Child of John Cornwallis and Philippa Bucton was:
Thomas Cornwallis [d], Esquire, b abt 1415, of Brome, Suffolk, England, d 24 May 1484. He md Philippa
Tyrell [e] abt 1452, daughter of Edward Tyrell, Esquire, Sheriff of Essex and Hertford, and Anne Pashley.
Child of William Cornwallis and Elizabeth Stanford was:
Sir John Cornwallis [g], Knight, b abt 1492, of Brome, Suffolk, England, d 23 Apr 1544, Ashruge, Buckinghamshire, England. He md Mary Sulyard [h] abt 1516, daughter of Edward Sulyard and Anne Norris. She was b 1497, of High Laver, Essex, England.
a. The earliest identifiable member of this family, William appears in London, and is known to have been a merchant. He owned property in the London parish of Stebenheath (now Stepney), and was dwelling in the parish of All Hallows Stanyng when he made his will at Stepney 26 Sep 1354, in which he directed that his rents be sold and that the money be applied for masses for the souls of the testator and Alice, his wife, and appointed his kinsman, John Tyntagel, as guardian of his son Thomas.
b. A minor at his father's death, he was of age and a member of the Vintner's Company in 1359. A resident of the parish of St. Botolph-without-Aldgate, he was a prominent citizen, merchant and vintner of London. He was Alderman from the Vintry, 1376, 1379, 1381, 1383, and 1384, and Sheriff of London in 1378. He also served as Burgess of London in Parliament in 1380. His wife, Jane, was the widow of Henry le Vanner, and was the daughter William Haunsard of London.
c. Like his father, John Cornwallis was a merchant. He married Philippa, the daughter and co-heiress of Robert de Bucton by the daughter and heir of Sir John de Braham, and had Brome Hall for her inheritance. Robert de Bucton was knight of the shire for Suffolk 1393/94, 1396/97, 1397, and 1400 and died in 1408.
Note that while John Cornwallis who married Philippa Bucton is shown here as the father of Thomas Cornwallis of Brome, Suffolk, Morarity's article states that the pedigrees make him (John) father of Thomas of Brome Hall, Suffolk, but chronology makes it more likely that he was the grandfather of Thomas, especially as he is styled John, senior, in a deed of 8 Nov 1416. It would seem likely that John, junior, was the father of Thomas, and that this John, Jr. died a young man, probably in lifetime of John, Sr. Either John, Sr. or John, Jr., his son, married Philippa Bucton.
d. Thomas Cornwallis, Esquire, succeeded to Brome in 1436, upon his father's death. He served as elector for Essex 1442, and for Suffolk, 1447 and 1453, as well as Knight for the shire of Suffolk 1449/50. That he retained some of his ancestral connection with London is seen in several records, which refer to him as "of Brome, Bartilsden, and London". His i.p.m. was taken in 1484, and at his death he was seised of Brome in Suffolk, and held the manor of Butlers in Basilden, Essex. He and wife, Phlippa Tyrell had five children: John, the eldest son, Edward, aged 40 in 1506, Robert, who died s.p., Katherine, wife of Francis Frews, and William, who eventually succeeded to Brome Hall.
e. Philippa was the daughter and co-heiress of Edward Tyrell, Esquire, of Downham, Essex, of the ancient Norman house of Tyrell, domiciled in Essex since shortly before the Conquest.
f. Following his elder brothers, John and Edward, William Cornwallis, Esquire, eventually succeeded to Brome Hall. He married Elizabeth, the daughter and co-heiress of John Stanford, Esquire, of Stagsden, Bedfordshire. They had eleven children: (1) Sir John, eldest son and heir; (2)Thomas, Archdeacon, of Norfolk; (3) Edward; (4) William; (5) Francis; (6) Elizabeth, married a Singleton; (7) Affra, wife of Sir Anthony Awcher; (8) Dorothy, wife of John Head; (9) Katherine, a nun; (10) Prudence, wife of Roydon Eden; and (11) Edith, wife of Unknown Barwyke.
g. Sir John Cornwallis of Brome, Knight, served under the Duke of Norfolk at Morlaix in Brittany in 1522, being knight thereafter for his good services. He was Steward of the Household for Edward, Prince of Wales (Edward VI), and in 1542, King henry VIII granted him in fee tail the manor of Titshall, Norfolk, for his services at Morlaix. He and wife Mary Sulyard had seven children: (1) Sir Thomas Cornwallis, eldest son and heir; (2) Henry; (3) Richard, married Margaret Louthe; (4) William; (5) Elizabeth, wife of John Blennerhasset; (6) Anne, wife of Thomas Hunt, Esquire; and (7) Mary, wife of William Halse.
h. Mary Sulyard was the daughter of Edward Sulyard, Esquire, of Otes in High Laver, Essex, of the noted Catholic family of Sulyard in that county. He was a lawyer and member of Lincoln's Inn. His father, Sir John Sulyard, MP of Wetherden, Suffolk, was a noted lawyer at the time of Edward IV, and served as Puisne Judge of the King's Bench 1484-88, MP for Dunwich, 1459, and for Hindon 1472-1475, Commissioner of Peace and Array in Suffolk, 1461-66, Justice of the Peace for Suffolk from 1461 until his death in 1488, and was also tutor to Edward, Prince of Wales (later Edward V).
GL: English Origins of New Englands Families, 1500s-1800s, Series 1, Volume 3, The Early Generations of Cornwallis of Brome, by G. Andrews Moriarty, pp. 240-245, from an article originally appearing in NEHGR, republished by Genealogical Publishing Co.; AR: Line 208.
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