The First Marshals of England

Gilbert "the Marshal" [a], Mareschal of England, b abt 1080, d in or bef 1130. The identity of his wife is not known.
Child of Gilbert the Marshal was:

John Fitz Gilbert [b], Mareschal of England, b abt 1112, Pembrokeshire, Wales, d 1164. He md [1] Aline Pipard, and [2] Sibylla of Salisbury bef 1146, daughter of Walter Fitz Edward of Salisbury, Sheriff of Wiltshire, and Sibyl de Chaworth.
Children of John Fitz Gilbert and Sibylla of Salisbury were:

  • Sir William Marshal b abt 1146.
  • Margaret Marshal b abt 1154, Wiltshire, England, d aft 1242. She md Sir Ralph de Somery, Lord of Dudley, abt 1180, Wiltshire, England, son of Sir John de Somery, Lord of Dudley, and Hawise Paynel.
Sir William Marshal [c], Mareschal of England, Earl of Pembroke, b abt 1146, prob Pembrokeshire, Wales, d 14 May 1219, Caversham Manor, Oxfordshire, England. He md Isabel de Clare Aug 1189, daughter of Sir Richard Fitz Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Pembroke, and Eva MacMurrough.
Children of William Marshal and Eva de Clare were:
  • Maud Marshal b 1192, Pembrokeshire, Wales, d 27 Mar 1248. She md:
      [1] Sir Hugh Bigod, Earl of Norfolk, Magna Carta Surety, 1207, son of Sir Roger Bigod, Earl of Norfolk, Magna Carta Surety, and Ida de Toeni, and
      [2] Sir William IV de Warenne, Earl of Warren and Surrey, bef 12 Oct 1225, son of Sir Hamelin Plantagenet, Earl of Surrey, and Isabel de Warenne.
    • Sir Richard Marshal, Marshal of England, b abt 1193, Pembrokeshire, Wales, d 16 Apr 1234; md Gervaise de Dinan 1222.
    • Eva Marshal b abt 1194, Pembrokeshire, Wales, d bef 1146, England. She md Sir William de Braose, Lord of Abergavenny, 2 May 1220, Pembrokeshire, Wales, son of Sir Reginald de Braose, Lord of Abergavenny, and Grecia de Briwere.
    • Sir Gilbert Marshal, Marshal of England, b abt 1196, Pembrokeshire, Wales, d Jun 1241; md Margaret of Scotland 1 Aug 1235.
    • Sir William Marshal, Marshal of England, b May 1198, Pembrokeshire, Wales, d s.p. 6 Apr 1231; md [1] Alice de Bethune 1214, and [2] Eleanor Plantagenet 23 Apr 1224, England.
    • Isabel Marshal b 9 Oct 1203, Pembrokeshire, Wales, d 16 Jan 1239/40, Berkhamstead, Hertfordshire, England. She md Sir Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, Magna Carta Surety, 9 Oct 1217, Tewkesbury Abbey, Gloucestershire, England, son of Sir Richard de Clare, Magna Charta Surety, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, and Amice Fitz Robert.
    • Sir Walter Marshal, Marshal of England, b abt 1205, Pembrokeshire, Wales, d 24 Nov 1245, Goodrich Castle, London, England; md Margaret de Quincy 6 Jan 1241/42.
    • Sibyl Marshal b abt 1206, Pembrokeshire, Wales, d 27 Apr 1245. She md Sir William de Ferrers, Earl of Derby, bef 14 May 1219, son of Sir William de Ferrers, Earl of Derby, and Agnes of Chester.
    • Joan Marshal b abt 1208, Pembrokeshire, Wales, d abt 1234, Pembrokeshire, Wales. She md Sir Warin de Munchensy, Lord of Swanscomb, aft 14 May 1219, Pembrokeshire, Wales, son of Sir William de Munchensy, Knight, and Aveline de Clare.
    • Sir Anselm Marshal, Marshal of England, b abt 1210, Pembrokeshire, Wales, d Dec 1245; md Maud de Bohun.

    a. First known holder of the office of Mareschal, he, with his son, John, successfully maintained their right under Henry I to the office of Master Marshal in the King's Household. Record of his parentage, nor the name of his wife, survives.

    b. Styled also John the Marshal, he held land in Wiltshire when he succeeded to his father's lands and office in or shortly before 1130. He was with Henry I in Normandy in 1130, and again with Stephen in 1137. In 1140 he held Marlborough for the King. After Stephen had been taken prisoner at Lincoln, he joined the Empress, with whom he was at Reading in May, at Oxford in Jul, and at Winchester in Aug-Sep 1141, where in the final skirmish he was cut off and surrounded in Wherwell Abbey, but escaped with the loss of an eye and other wounds. He was again with the Empress at Oxford and in 1144 he was raiding the surrounding country from Marlborough Castle. In 1149 and 1153 he was with Maud's son, Henry, at Devizes, and after Henry's succession he was granted Crown lands in Wiltshire, including Marlborough Castle, which he had to surrender in 1158. He was present at the Council of Clarendon in 1164, soon after which he sued Thomas Becket for part of his manor of Pagham in Sussex. John was benefactor to the priory of Bradenstoke, the abbey of Troarn, and the Templars. He is said to have repudiated his first wife, Aline, around 1141, whence he then married Sibyl, sister of Patrick of Salisbury, Earl of Wiltshire.

    c. Fourth son of John the Marshal, and second son by his father's second wife, he was given as hostage to Stephen at the siege of Newbury, and in spite of John's bad faith, the King spared him. He was later sent to William de Tancarville, hereditary Master Chamberlain of Normandy, with whom he remained for eight years. In 1167, Squire William returned to England and attached himself to his uncle, the Earl of Salisbury, with whom he went to Poitou in 1168, where they were ambushed, Patrick slain, and William was wounded and captured. Queen Eleanor eventually ransomed his return to England, where he was chosen by Henry as a member of that young King's household. He was knighted in 1173, and supported the King in his rebellion against Henry II. The younger Henry chose William to knight him, and on his deathbed in Jun 1183, he charged William to carry his cross to the Holy Sepulchre. When he again returned to England around 1187, the King made him a member of his household, and William was with the King in 1188 and 1189 in France. After Henry's death, Richard at once took him into favor and gave him Isabel, suo jure Countess of Strigoil (Pembroke), in marriage. Before Sep 1190 he had acquired a moiety of the lands of Walter Giffard, whereby he became Lord of Longueville, and in Mar 1193, he succeeded his brother as hereditary Master Marshal. He was present at John's coronation 27 May 1199, on which day the King girt him with the sword of the Earldom of Pembroke, and on 20 Apr 1200, he was confirmed in his office of Marshal. He served John actively in Gascony, England, and Normandy and on 22 Apr 1202 he was appointed constable of the castle of Lillebonne. In 1204 he invaded Wales, and in Jun 1205 he joined the Archbishop of Canterbury in forcing the King to abandon his projected expedition to Poitou. From 1207 to 1213 he was mostly in Ireland, and in Apr 1213, King John's desperate position forced him to recall William to England. In 1215, he supported John and was one of his representatives at Runnymeade, and was also one of the executors of the King's will. In May 1217, he routed the French and the rebel Barons at Lincoln and some months later besieged London. He founded an Austin Priory at Cartmel, a Cistercian abbey at Bannow Bay in Ireland, and priories at Wexford, Duisk, and Kilkenny, as well as being a benefactor to the abbeys of Foucarmont, Gloucester, Tintern, Nutley and St. Thomas, and the priories of Longueville, Bradenstoke, Pembroke, Stanley, Holy Trinity, St. Kevin, and the Templars, among others. He and Isabel left ten children, but of their five sons, while all grew to adulthood and married, none left any legitimate issue.

    CP: Vol X[358-377, App. D, 91-99]; AR: Line 63[28], Line 66[27-28], Line 69[27-28], Line 80[27-28], Line 81[28], Line 127[30], Line 177A[8].

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