Tuchet/Touchet of Derbyshire and Staffordshire, England
Henry Tuchet [a] b abt 1125, d prob 1178. He md Maud abt 1150. She was b abt 1133, d aft 1178.
Child of Henry Tuchet and Maud was:
Thomas Tuchet [c] b abt 1185, of Derbyshire, England, d bef 2 Jan 1234/35. He md Elizabeth abt 1205. She was b abt 1190, d aft Sep 1248.
Child of Thomas Tuchet and Elizabeth was:
Thomas Tuchet [e] b 1244, of Derbyshire, England, d bef 1 May 1315. He md Margery abt 1262. She was b abt 1246.
Child of Thomas Tuchet and Margery was:
Thomas Tuchet [g] b abt 1296, of Derbyshire, England, d 18 Aug 1342. He md Joan abt 1325. She was b abt 1305.
Child of Thomas Tuchet and Joan was:
Sir John Tuchet [h], Knight, b 25 Jul 1327, Markeaton, Derbyshire, England, d bef 10 Jan 1360/61, slain at sea, La Rochelle. He md Joan de Audley abt 1345, daughter of Sir James de
Sir John Tuchet [k], Lord Tuchet, b 23 Apr 1371, Staffordshire, England, d 19 Dec 1408. He md Isabel/Elizabeth abt 1395. She was b abt 1378, d aft May 1409.
Sir James Tuchet [l], Lord Audley, b abt 1398, d 23 Sep 1459. He md  Margaret de Ros aft 24 Feb 1415, daughter of Sir William de Ros, Lord Ros, Knight, Treasurer of England, and Margaret Fitz Alan. He md  Eleanor de Holand.
a. The son and heir of Henry Tuchet, lord of Long Clawson in Leicestershire, Henry Tuchet, the younger, was confirmed in possession of his lands by the Earl of Chester in 1143-49. Prior to 1156, he granted a virgate of land in Ashwell to the abbey of St. Mary de Pre, Leicester, and was also a benefactor of Darley Abbey.
b. Simon Tuchet was fined in Nottinghamshire in 1178. When the honor of Chester was in the King's hands (1187), he collected scutage and other moneys due to the Crown therefrom. He also answered for the rent of Tackley in Oxfordshire and was custodian of the lands of one Robert Fitz Neel. The manor of Willington, which had been granted to Simon by John de Cumbrai, was confirmed to him around 1188-97. In 1198-99, he witnessed a charter of Richard de Curzon concerning Kedleston in Derbyshire, and he was also a benefactor of Darley Abbey.
c. Thomas Tuchet appears as a tenant of the Earl of Chester in 1205, and in 1209 he was in control of Ashwell. He served as a commissioner to survey the forest in Derbyshire in 1219, as well as a collector in Nottingham and Derby in 1225. In 1215-24, he made a gift of lands to Wombridge Priory in Shropshire and in 1224 and 1226, he was in litigation withe Abbot of Burton. He appears in 1221 as lord of Lee Gomery, Shropshire, which he apparently inherited from his mother, Pernel.
d. Robert Tuchet paid 10 m. relief on 20 November 1242 to obtain his inheritance, and died just six years later. His brother, Henry Tuchet, died 7 December 1269, s.p.
e. Thomas Tuchet, being a child at his father's death, was the ward of John Mansel. He was stated to be five years of age in 1249. He served as a commissioner of the peace in Derbyshire in 1287, and was summoned by the King for military service in 1297, and against the Scots in 1301 and 1314. Thomas made grants, in about 1269, to Wombridge Priory.
f. Robert Tuchet was given seisin of his father's lands on 13 June 1315, which included Lee Gomery and Ashwell. He was summoned against the Scots in 1316 and 1322, and March of 1324 was appointed Keeper of forfeited lands in Derby. He was summoned to a Great Council on 9 May 1324 which was to meet in Westmorland.
g. He was ordered, in December 1341, to find archers in Derbyshire for service in Scotland and France. In 1342, he was trying to obtain the right of view of frank pledge at Markeaton, which had been granted by Edmund Tuchet in 1333 to Robert Tuchet, father of Thomas, which holding had been for the term of Robert's life, with rem. to Robert's son, Thomas. This Edmund Tuchet is believed to have been Thomas Tuchet's uncle, brother to his father. Another record, in 1322, shows a Thomas Tuchet as going to Scotland with Oliver de Ingham, who may be this Thomas Tuchet.
h. Son and heir, Sir John Tuchet, represented his father in France in 1346-1347, serving as a knight in the retinue of William de Bohun, Earl of Northampton, and was in the campaign in Gascony in 1355/56.
i. John Tuchet was a minor at his father's death. He served in Poitou and Anjou in 1369, under the Earl of Pembroke, and in June of 1372, he sailed with the Earl from England with reinforcements for Aquitaine. He was slain in the naval battle of La Rochelle on 23 June 1372, when the Earl's ship was captured by the Spaniards.
j. Some sources believe that John Tuchet married Margaret de Mortimer, daughter of the 2nd Earl of March, but the only reference cited by CP states his wife Maud was the mother of John, and that she married, secondly, John Daubridgecourt. More recent information posted on SGM indicates that Maud was actually married three times; that John Tuchet was her second husband, the first being Richard Willoughby. Weis' AR states the wife of John Tuchet to be unidentified, but does not further explain its implied belief that Maud was not the mother of John. A recent discussion on SGM by Douglas Richardson and Peter Sutton indicates that Maud was likely Maud de Grey, but her placement in the de Grey line is still under discussion; see SGM for a thorough discussion of this subject.
k. Son and heir of his father, he was one of the three coheirs of Nicholas de Audley. He was a Commissioner of the Peace in Derbyshire in 1401, and appears in the muster of the Prince of Wales at Shrewsbury in 1403, with 20 squires and 10 archers. After after the battle of Shrewsbury on July 21, he was appointed, with four others, to govern the marches towards Wales in resistance to Owen Glendower. He was summoned to Parliament, first on 20 October 1403, and then from 25 August 1404 to 26 August 1407, whereby he became Lord Tuchet. He was frequently styled Lord Audley in official documents.
l. James Tuchet, aged 10 years in 1408. He was summoned to Parliament on 26 February 1420/21, where the barony of Audley was called out of abeyance in his favor, and he became Lord Audley. He was Chief Justice of South Wales 17 November 1423, and also Chamberlain there 11 Feb 1438/39 and 24 October 1441. He distinguished himself in the wars with France. Having raised 10,000 men on behalf of Henry VI, he was defeated by the Yorkists and slain at the battle of Blore Heath in Shropshire, September 23, 1459.
CP Vol XII/2[53-61], Vol I; Weis AR, Line 27[33-37].
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